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[pic]Man made fiber Road

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For other uses, see Man made fibre Road (disambiguation).

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The Cotton Road stretching from The southern part of Europe through Arabia, Somalia, Egypt, Persia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Java, and Vietnam until it gets to China. Property routes happen to be red, normal water routes blue

The Cotton Road (German: Seidenstraße) (or Silk Routes) is a comprehensive interconnected network of control routes throughout the Asian region connecting East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean world, and also North and East The african continent and Europe. The term " Seidenstraße" (literally " Man made fibre Road" ) was gave retrospectively by German geographer Ferdinand von Richthofen in 1877 and has found as its way in general usage. It gets its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade, which started during the Ryan Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), and was the main reason for the text of operate routes in to an extensive trans-continental network.[1][2][3] In recent years, both the maritime and overland Silk Paths are once again being used, often closely pursuing the ancient tracks.

|Contents | |[hide] | |1 Review | |2 Etymology | |3 Routes taken | |3. 1 Overland cotton routes | |3. two Maritime cotton routes | |4 Qualifications | |4. 1 Cross-continental journeys | |4. a couple of Prehistoric transport and control | |4. 3 Trans-Saharan trade | |4. 5 Egyptian maritime trade | |4. a few Ancient cacera construction | |4. 6 Chinese and Central Asian contacts | |4. several Persian Royal Road | |5 History | |5. 1 Hellenistic era | |5. a couple of Chinese hunt for Central Asia | |5. 3 The Roman Empire | |5. 4 Medieval age | |5. your five Mongol age | |5. 6 Mold | |5. 7 The fantastic explorers: Europe reaching for Asia | |6 Cultural exchanges on the Cotton Road | |6. 1 Artistic tranny | |6. 1 . one particular Buddhist deities | |6. 1 . 2 Wind our god | |6. 2 Technological transfer...

References: • Baines, John and Málek, Jaromir (1984): Atlas of Historical Egypt. Oxford, Time Your life Books.

• Boulnois, Barlume. 2004. Man made fibre Road: Monks, Warriors & Merchants around the Silk Road. Translated by simply Helen Loveday with added material by simply Bradley Mayhew and Angela Sheng. Airphoto International. ISBN 962-217-720-4 hardback, ISBN 962-217-721-2 softback.

• Harmatta, János, ed., year 1994. History of civilizations of Central Asia, Amount II. The introduction of sedentary and nomadic civilizations: 700 BC to 250. Paris, UNESCO Publishing.

• Herodotus (5th century BCE): Histories. Converted with records by George Rawlinson. mil novecentos e noventa e seis edition. Ware, Hertfordshire, Wordsworth Editions Limited.

• Hopkirk, Peter: Foreign Devils on the Silk Highway: The Seek out the Misplaced Cities and Treasures of Chinese Central Asia. The University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, 1980, 1984. ISBN 0-87023-435-8

• Hulsewé, A

• Huyghe, Edith and Huyghe, François-Bernard: " La route de la soie et les empires du mirage", Petite bibliothèque Payot, 2006, ISBN 2-228-90073-7

• Juliano, Annettte, L

• Klimkeit, Hans-Joach, i am. 1988. Perish Seidenstrasse: Handelsweg and Kulturbruecke zwischen Morgen- and Abendland. Koeln: DuMont Buchverlag.

• Klimkeit, Hans-Joachim. 1993. Gnosis on the Silk Road: Gnostic Texts coming from Central Asia. Trans. & presented by Hans-Joachim Klimkeit. HarperSanFrancisco. ISBN 0-06-064586-5.

• Knight, At the. F. 1893. Where 3 Empires Meet up with: A Story of Recent Travel in: Kashmir, European Tibet, Gilgit, and the adjacent countries. Longmans, Green, and Co., Birmingham. Reprint: Ch 'eng Wen Publishing Company, Taipei. 1971.

• Li, Rongxi (translator). 1995. A Biography from the Tripiṭaka Expert of the Wonderful Ci'en Monastery of the Wonderful Tang Empire. Numata Middle for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. ISBN 1-886439-00-1

• Li, Rongxi (translator)

• Litvinsky, M. A., impotence., 1996. Great civilizations of Central Asia, Volume 3. The crossroads of civilizations: 250 to 750. Rome, UNESCO Posting.

• Liu, Li, 2004, The China Neolithic, Trajectories to Early on States, Cambridge UK, Cambridge University Press

• Liu, Xinru, 2001

• McDonald, Angus. 95. The Five Foot Road: In Search of a Vanished China. HarperCollinsWest, Bay area.

• Malkov, Artemy. 2007. The Cotton Road: A mathematical version. History & Mathematics, ed. by Philip Turchin ain al. Moscow: KomKniga. ISBN 978-5-484-01002-8

• Mallory, M

• Ming Pao. " Hong Kong offers Silk Road on the Ocean as World Heritage", August 7, june 2006, p. A2.

• Osborne, Milton, 75. River Highway to Chinese suppliers: The Mekong River Journey, 1866–73. George Allen & Unwin Lt.

• Puri, B. And, 1987 Buddhism in Central Asia, Motilal Banarsidass Web publishers Private Limited, Delhi. (2000 reprint).

• Ray, Himanshu Prabha, 2003. The Archaeology of Seafaring in Historical South Asia. Cambridge University or college Press. ISBN 0-521-80455-8 (hardback); ISBN 0-521-01109-4 (paperback).

• Sarianidi, Viktor, 1985. The Golden Set of Bactria: From the Tillya-tepe Excavations in Northern Afghanistan. Harry And. Abrams, New york city.

• Schafer, Edward H. 1963. The Golden Peaches of Samarkand: A study of T'ang Exotics. University of California Press. Berkeley and Los Angeles. first paperback model: 1985. ISBN 0-520-05462-8.

• Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed statement of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford.[11]

• Stein, Aurel M., 1912

• Stein, Aurel M., 1921. Serindia: Detailed record of research in Central Asia and westernmost Cina, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 80.[12]

• Stein Aurel M., 1928

• Stein Aurel M., 1932 On Historic Central Cookware Tracks: Short Narrative of Three Expeditions in Intimate Asia and Northwestern China and tiawan. Reprinted with Introduction by Jeannette Mirsky. Book Hope India, Delhi. 1999.

• von Votre Coq, Albert, 1928. Buried Treasures of Turkestan. Reprint with Intro by Peter Hopkirk, Oxford University Press. 1985.

• Whitfield, Leslie, 1999. Lifestyle Along the Cotton Road. London, uk: John Murray.

• Wimmel, Kenneth, 1996. The Fascinating Target: Looking for the Secrets of Central Asia. Trackless Sands Press, Palo Alto, CA. ISBN 1-879434-48-2

• Yan, Chen, 1986

• Bulliet, Richard W. 1975. The Buck and the Wheel. Harvard School Press. ISBN 0-674-09130-2.

• Choisnel, Emmanuel�: Les Parthes et la route de la soie�; Rome [u. a. ], L ' Harmattan [u. a. ], 2006, ISBN 2-7475-7037-1

• Christian, David (2000)

• de la Vaissière, E., Sogdian Dealers. A History, Laborieren, Brill, 2006, Hardback ISBN 90-04-14252-5 [13], French version ISBN 2-85757-064-3 about [14]

• de la Vaissière, E., Trombert, E., Des Sogdiens en Chine, Paris, EFEO, 2005 ISBN 2-85539-653-0 [15]

• Elisseeff, Vadime. Editor. 98. The Man made fiber Roads: Highways of Traditions and Trade. UNESCO Posting. Paris. Reprint: 2000. ISBN 92-3-103652-1 softback; ISBN 1-57181-221-0; ISBN 1-57181-222-9 softback.

• Foltz, Rich C. 1999. Religions with the Silk Street: Overland Control and Social Exchange coming from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century. New York: St . Martin is actually Griffin. ISBN 0-312-21408-1.

• Hill, David E. (2009) Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, initial to second Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.

• Liu, Xinru, and Shaffer, Lynda Norene. 2007. Contacts Across Eurasia: Transportation, Interaction, and Social Exchange around the Silk Highways. McGraw Mountain, New York. ISBN 978-0-07-284351-4.

• Miller, Roy Andrew (1959): Accounts of Western Nations around the world in the Good the Upper Chou Dynasty. University of California Press.

• Hallikainen, Saana�: Links from Europe to Asia and how the trading was affected by the cultural exchange (2002)

• Thubron, C., The Cotton Road to China (Hamlyn, 1989)

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